Pregnancy and nutrition

Anyone who wishes to become pregnant or is pregnant wants to do everything possible so the child will have a healthy development.  Since the child is fed solely by the mother’s blood circulation during the pregnancy, pregnant women or women who would like to have a child should eat a balanced nutrition and make sure that they have an optimal supply of micronutrients (e.g. vitamins, minerals, trace elements).

What is meant by healthy nutrition is a varied diet of mixed foods. This diet includes fresh fruit and vegetables daily, milk and milk products as well as whole-grain products, meat 2 to 3 times and fish 1 to 2 time per week.  An adequate consumption of liquids should also be ensured (at least 1.5 litres of unsweetened beverages per day).

During the first 12 weeks of pregnancy the focus is on the additional requirements for vitamins and minerals. Only after the fourth month does an increased supply of energy and nutrients become necessary to guarantee an optimal weight gain in the mother and a normal physical development for the child.  

For its development the child needs copious amounts of minerals, vitamins and high-quality fatty acids. There is an increased need in particular for the following substances:

Folic acid and 7 additional B vitamins
Vitamin C
Vitamin D
Vitamin E
Vitamin K

Minerals/trace elements

  • Calcium
  • Magnesium
  • Iodine
  • Zinc

Already before and during the entire pregnancy the supply of folate plays an important role in the prevention of malformations, e.g. spina bifida and cleft lip/palate. However, food cannot always cover the increased need completely, which is why a supplementary supply of folic acid/folate is recommended, beginning with the wish to conceive. Folic acid is converted in the organism into a biologically active folate compound that is necessary for blood formation and the development of the neural tube.

Mothers-to-be must take sufficient quantities of other micronutrients that the body cannot produce by itself.

During the second half of pregnancy as well as while breast-feeding the supply of so-called omega-3 fatty acids is very important for the further development of the child. The fatty acid DHA (docosahexaenoic acid) is of special significance, since the baby cannot produce it itself and must obtain it from the mother. DHA is an essential fatty acid which is an important component of the retinal cells as well as of the conductive membranes of the brain. Therefore, it is important for its development and function. By beginning to take DHA at an early stage, the mother’s bodily store should be filled and the child’s supply ensured as a result.

Yet, how do women who wish to have a child, mothers-to-be and nursing mothers obtain the recommended amounts of micronutrients safely and easily? Starting with the wish to conceive and until the end of breast-feeding, mothers can take additional preparations with precisely determined amounts of vitamins, minerals and trace elements as a supplement to healthy, vitamin-rich nutrition.
You can learn more about the topic of pregnancy and nutrition at:

Medinova products for nutritional supplementation during pregnancy and breast-feeding: Femibion