The alarm clock always rings three times…
“Snoozing”, i.e. delaying getting out of bed, is a kind of national sport and, for many people, it is impossible to imagine a morning routine without it. Especially after the time change that has just occurred, it is more difficult to get up and the sleep seems to be less restful. If this condition persists over a longer period of time, this is known as a sleep disorder. Find out what you can do about this insomnia and how you can regain control of your sleep here.
The natural day/night rhythm
There are many types of sleep disorders. Whether you lie awake for a long time while falling asleep, wake up several times during the night, or do not feel rested and fit in the morning – all these symptoms are referred to as insomnia if they occur more than 3 times a week or several times over a longer period of time and impact how a person functions during the day. Humans have a natural, hormonal and psychological day/night rhythm that enables us to be productive during the day and to rest at night. One of the most important factors for this rhythm is sunlight, which enables the body to regulate the sleep hormone melatonin.
Proper sleep hygiene
Restful sleep is subjective. While one person might be fully rested after 6 hours of sleep, others need to sleep longer to feel fit. The most important thing is how you feel during the day. However, the factors that promote restful sleep are the same for everyone:
- Have a dark, cool and quiet place to rest
- Only go to bed, if you actually feel tired
- Keep a bedtime rhythm, also during weekends
- An evening routine before going to bed, helps to slow down efficiently
- Sports or strenuous activities, as well as alcohol should be avoided before bedtime
If all these sleep hygiene measures do not help to restore restful sleep or are not possible due to external circumstances such as shift work or jet lag, the body can be supported with medication. After all, untreated sleep disorders can have negative effects on the psyche, body and general well-being. You should start with sleep-inducing preparations such as herbal remedies or over-the-counter sleep aids, such as antihistamines. Herbal preparations often have few side effects but they also only have a low potency. In addition, valerian, hops and similar preparations usually have to be taken for a period of 2 weeks before a calming effect occurs, meaning they are less suitable for acute cases. However, due to their availability as teas, they can be integrated successfully into the evening routine.
Those affected who want to treat their sleep disorders quickly due to shift work, constantly changing bed times and time differences when travelling are often well-advised to take first-generation antihistamines. These medications, which can be sold over-the-counter in pharmacies, have a significantly stronger sleep-inducing effect than herbal remedies and work within 15-30 minutes, even in acute cases. As with herbal remedies, the sleep architecture is only minimally affected. They can also be administered as drops, which means you can tailor the dose of the sleep aid. You should not take these preparations for more than 2 weeks at a time as they are only intended for acute cases.
If sleep disorders persist for more than 2 weeks, patients who do not see an improvement with sleep hygiene measures or herbal remedies should contact a doctor. If necessary, the doctor can clarify the sleep disorders more precisely and prescribe stronger, hypnotic medication that can improve the quality of sleep again where required. With all medicinal therapies, however, care must be taken not to keep taking them for too long in order to avoid becoming dependant on sleep aids.